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(1) Various laws were enacted based on this belief. Frank Hanly approved first state eugenics law making sterilization mandatory for certain individuals in state custody.(3) Sterilizations halted 1909 by Governor Thomas R. (4) Side two: Indiana Supreme Court ruled 1907 law unconstitutional 1921, citing denial of due process under Fourteenth Amendment.ID# : 49.2007.1 Side one: By late 1800s, Indiana authorities believed criminality, mental problems, and pauperism were hereditary. Approximately 2,500 total in state custody were sterilized. Bowen approved repeal of all sterilization laws 1974; by 1977, related restrictive marriage laws repealed.
Buford), 1927-1933; Muscatatuck Colony for the Feebleminded, Board of Trustees, Minutes, 1937-1953 and assorted redacted Fort Wayne State Hospital and Training Center Face Sheets, ISA." Stern's numbers do not include the 500 sterilizations from 1899-1910 claimed by Doctor Harry C.
Horton states Mc Culloch saw what he wanted to see. Alexander Johnson, named the first secretary of the Board of State Charities in 1889, was influenced by Mc Culloch's work. (6) Governor Edward Jackson approved the 1927 law, which granted the due process of law required by the Fourteenth Amendment, naming the courts as venues for appeal regarding sterilization decisions by the governing board of an institution. (7) It is difficult to state the exact number of people sterilized by Indiana law because different institutions around the state used varying methods of recordkeeping.
Mc Culloch even assisted in naming Johnson as secretary. Two academic studies place the total number of people sterilized around 2, 500. Lombardo of George State University provided the Indiana Historical Bureau with information concerning eugenic studies made by Julius Paul.
(5) 1927 law reinstated sterilization, adding court appeals.
(6) Approximately 2,500 people in state custody were sterilized. Bowen approved repeal of all sterilization laws 1974; (8) by 1977, related restrictive marriage laws repealed. Mc Culloch, studied a group of families around Indianapolis he called the Tribe of Ishmael, using records dating back to 1840.