Dating the book of genesis
The second account of creation (Genesis 2:4b–25) describes how God created man, created the Garden of Eden, then made Adam a female companion.
In Genesis 2:4b–25, “the LORD God formed man from the dust of the earth.
Evil isn’t born into the world because of Adam and Eve’s sin. Regardless, the end result is God kicking Adam and Eve out of the Garden, thus punishing them for their transgressions.
Biblical scholars often associate these two creation stories to different time frames.
Its central theme addresses how man gained the knowledge that differentiates him from the beasts and birds by disobeying God’s direct order not to eat the fruit from the Tree of Knowledge. At the story’s heart is mankind’s ambition to rival God.
The serpent tells Eve that if she eats the fruit, “You will be like God, knowing good and evil.” (Genesis 3:5) Thus, Eve has a choice to make – she has the free will to choose to either eat the fruit and possibly become like God or to say no.
Usually, chaos gods are defeated by younger gods and in the process, humanity is created out of their drama. According to the Enuma Elish, Apsu, “the begetter,” and the goddess Tiamat were the first two primeval entities.
Both are associated with water: Apsu representing waters lying under the earth and Tiamat representing the seas lying above.
But in monotheistic belief systems where only one good, moral, all-powerful God is worshiped, the presence of evil is difficult to justify.A reading of Genesis reveals two distinctly different creation stories: the first spans Genesis 1:1-2:3 and the second continues from Genesis 2:4 to the end of the third chapter.These two accounts of creation include: Scholars believe the second story is older than the first, perhaps dating to as early as 950 BCE, while the second was probably written by the priestly caste after the Hebrews had returned from Babylonian captivity sometime around 530 BCE. Rather, “The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep” (Genesis 1:2) God’s role was then to bring goodness and order to this world depicted as “formless,” “void,” “darkness,” and “deep” – each descriptor symbolic of chaos and “evil.” During the six days of creation, God adheres to a strict pattern to create order: the first three days parallel the second three days.There are numerous similarities and differences between the Enuma Elish and Genesis, leading many scholars to interpret Genesis 1 as based on or influenced by the Enuma Elish.The similarities include: Most likely, the first Genesis account was written as way to differentiate Jewish monotheistic beliefs from the beliefs held by their polytheistic neighbors.